Category: La Cour

Prominent and lesser known individuals of the Sun King’s court. From Ministers and Princesses to traitors and sorceresses.

Marie-Thérèse d’Autriche

Marie-Thérèse d’Autriche was born on September 10 in 1638, five days after her future husband, which made many believe they were meant for each other. As daughter of the reining King of Spain Philip IVContinue reading

Guy Armand de Gramont, Comte de Guiche

Guy Armand de Gramont, mostly just called by his second name Armand, was born on November 25 in 1637. He achieved fame due to his bravery on the battlefield, his libertine lifestyle and his scandalous affair withContinue reading

Anne-Madeleine de Conty d’Argencourt

Before Marie Mancini and Louise de La Vallière, Louis XIV, aged tender sixteen, had a fling for a certain Mademoiselle de la Motte-Argencourt. Born in 1637 or 1638 to Pierre de Conty d’Argencourt and Madeleine de Chaumont de Bertichères, Anne-Madeleine deContinue reading

Bonne de Pons, Marquise d’Heudicourt

Bonne de Pons was born between 1641 and 1644 in Poitou to Pons de Pons, Seigneur de Bourg-Charente, and his wife Elisabeth de Puyrigaud. Bonne is the youngest of the couple’s three children, having an older brother, RenaudContinue reading

Nicolas Fouquet

Born in Paris into a wealthy family on January 27, 1615, Nicolas Fouquet made it to the heights of political power and fell very deep. His father, François Fouquet, was a member of the noblesse de robeContinue reading

Marie Mancini, Princesse Colonna

Anna Maria Mancini, adopted, like her sisters and cousins, the French version of her name, Marie, as she came to France. Born on August 28, 1639, to the Italian aristocrat and necromancer Lorenzo Mancini andContinue reading

Laure Martinozzi, Duchesse de Modène

Born as Laura Martinozzi on May 27, 1639, Laura adopted the French version of her name, Laure, when setting foot on French soil. She was the oldest daughter of Laura Margherita Mazzarini, sister of Cardinal Mazarin, and theContinue reading

Laure Mancini, Duchesse de Mercœur

Laure Mancini was the eldest of the five Mancini sisters. Born on May 6, 1636, she was called to France by Cardinal Mazarin, along with her sister Olympe and cousin Anne Marie Martinozzi, in 1647. UponContinue reading

Claude de Vin des Œillets

Claude de Vin des Œillets, dite Mademoiselle des Œillets, was born in the Provence in 1637, as daughter of Nicholas de Vin and Alix de Faviot, better known by their stage name des Œillets, bothContinue reading

Anne Marie Martinozzi, Princesse de Conti

Born in 1637, as youngest daughter of Comte Girolamo Martinozzi and Laura Margherita Mazzarini, sister of Cardinal Mazarin, Anne Marie came to France together with her mother and sister Laura in 1648. Mother and daughters livedContinue reading

Philippe-Jules Mancini, Duc de Nevers

Filippo Giulio Mancini was born on May 26, 1641 in Rome as second son of Girolama Mazzarini, sister of Cardinal Mazarin, and the Italian aristocrat Lorenzo Mancini. Just like his sisters, he adopted the FrenchContinue reading