• Dangeau’s Diary, January 1689

    2nd. — The King has appointed Monsieur le Grand to meet the Queen of England, and the Dauphine has appointed me on her behalf. We shall set off the day she sleeps at Beaumont. 5th. — The King received the intelligence, that the King of England arrived yesterday morning at Ambleteuse in good health. His Majesty immediately dispatched one of…

  • La journée des Dupes

    The journée des Dupes aka Day of the Dupes is an important event in French History. Actually it was not just one day, but stretched out over several days and it was the first major event to, partially, take place at the château de Versailles.   Things were tense between Louis XIII and his mother Marie de Médicis in early…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, November 1662

    1 November, fête de la Toussaint, his Majesty travels to the Feuillants for a mass celebrated by Cardinal Barberini, grand aumônier de France, after which he receives Communion and attends mass, celebrated by the bishop of Périgueux. Having attended mass, his Majesty travels to the Tuileries, where he heals those afflicted by sickness with his royal touch. Le Roy te…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, December 1688

    11th. — Monsieur de Boulonde has returned to Huis, after having placed under contribution all the villages comprised between the mayoralties of Bolduc and Breda. He has been within two leagues of Bolduc, and was under the necessity of burning twelve or fifteen villages. He has also put under contribution the country about Liege, from which he will raise more…

  • L’ordre du Saint-Esprit

    The Ordre du Saint-Esprit – Order of the Holy Spirit – was the senior chivalric order of France. It was not the oldest one, but the most prestigious one and founded by Henri III in 1578.   Before the Ordre du Saint-Esprit was created, the senior order of chivalry in France was the Ordre de Saint-Michel, which dates back to…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, November 1688

    1st. — The Dauphine asked the King, if Monseigneur would soon return. The King replied, that he must first take Manheim, but that that would not be long delayed. Father Gaillard, who was preaching, and whose sermon was interrupted by the good news, in making his compliment to the King introduced into it, very pathetically, and apropos, the praises of…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, October 1662

    1 October, his Majesty travels to Versailles to enjoy the autumn gardens. Having returned to Paris, his Majesty goes to the Palais-Royal, where Monsieur holds a ball for the dames de la cour. 8 October, at the Bois de Boulogne, his Majesty attends a review of his gardes françaises, gardes du corps, mousquetaires, chevau-légers and gendarmes. 10 October, his Majesty…

  • L’hôtel des Invalides

    Louis XIV was quite fond of warring and a lot of warring inevitably leads to a lot of veterans and invalids. Those who were lucky enough to return alive and in one piece after a campaign, could take up work… but what about those who lost a limb or were injured in a way that prevented them from caring for…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, October 1688

      3rd.– Monsieur de la Trousse has entered Avignon without any resistance from the garrison, the vice-legate retired. The bishop of Vaison was taken and conducted to Saint Esprit. His papers were seized, and there were found at his residence ten or twelve girls of L’Enfant Jesus, a society of Madame de Mondonville. They had retired there and observed the…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, September 1688

    3d. — This evening Monsieur de Vardes died at Paris. He was a knight of the Order, and had held a captaincy in the hundred Swiss. 12th. — Madame de Bouillon, at present in England, has asked the King’s permission, through Monsieur de Seignelay, to go to Venice. The King answered, that she might go wherever she pleased, except to…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, August 1662

    1 August, his Majesty, in company of the Messieurs Séguier, Turenne and Villeroy, receives the president and several representatives of the Chambre de justice and reproaches them for acting against his wishes. 2 August, their Majesties enjoy their time at Saint-Germain. Every evening their Majesties promenade in the park to the sound of music. This evening they attend a comedy…

  • La tête d’Henri IV… or the head of Henri IV

    Henri IV did not have a easy time. As King of Navarre, he was constantly warring. As heir to the French throne, many were against him and wanted to prevent him from taking the throne. As then King of France, things were not easier for him. Then he got assassinated and mysteriously lost his head almost 200 years later. How…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, September 1662

    1 September, Monsieur de Créquy, his Majesty’s ambassador to the Holy See, has left Rome today in a haste. At Rueil, his Majesty, in company of Monsieur, Madame, and part of the court, enjoys a pleasant promenade, followed by light snacks and a concert of the Vingt-quatre Violons du Roi. 2 September, the nuncio, Celio Piccolomini, who has been ordered…

  • L’affaire de la garde corse

    In August 1662, a little over a year after the death of Cardinal de Mazarin and Louis XIV taking things into his own hands, there was a bit of an incident between France and the Vatican which temporarily halted all diplomatic relations… and even after that, things would never be the same.   Charles de Blanchefort-Créquy served Louis XIV splendidly…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, July 1688

    23d. — Marshal Estrees is bombarding Algiers and the inhabitants of the town have already blown many French slaves from the mouths of their cannon. As many herts have been shot, as the Algerines have killed Christians, and have been sent to them on rafts. It is not expected these pirates can be reduced.

  • Dangeau’s Diary, August 1688

    2nd. — Arlequin died this day at Paris. It is said he leaves behind him property worth three hundred thousand livres. All the sacraments were administered to him, because he promised not to appear again on the stage. 18th. — Racine, by command of Madame de Maintenon, is writing an opera, the subject of which is Esther and Ahasuerus. It…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, July 1662

    1 July, his Majesty names Hardouin de Pérefixe de Beaumont, Bishop of Rodez, to be the new Archbishop of Paris. At the same time, the Bishop of Rennes is made Archbishop of Auch and the Bishop of Castres is named Archbishop of Toulouse. 4 July, the Conseil d’en haut has decided that solely the Chambre de justice has the power…

  • Jeu de paume

    You probably heard the expression that Tennis is the sport of Kings and that is quite true. The predecessor of what we call Tennis in English today is the French jeu de paume and the French Kings were indeed crazy about it.   The game is way older than one might think too. It dates back to the 12th century…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, June 1662

    1 June, his Majesty returns from Fontainebleau and stops at Saint-Cloud, where he is welcomed by Monsieur and treated to some splendid snacks. 2 June, his Majesty has dispatched the Marquis d’Estrades to the King of England in order to congratulate the English Majesty on his wedding with the Infanta of Portugal (Catherine of Braganza). 4 June, His Majesty visits…

  • La Maison de la Reine

    Louis XIV’s court, and the French court in general, had a lot of court offices for male beings… and not so many for females. The Queen’s of France did not get their own Households until the 12th century and compared to how many people had offices in the Maison du Roi, the King’s Household, the Maison de la Reine was…

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