• Philippe de France, frère unique du roi

    When Louis XIV was born in 1638, it was regarded as a miracle. No-one really thought Louis XIII and Anne d’Autriche, a old woman by the standards of the time, were capable of producing a healthy heir. To everyone’s surprise, both also managed to produce a spare. Philippe de France was born on September 21 in 1640 at the old…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, May 1690

    2nd. — The King has given 10,000 livres to Monsieur de Luxembourg, for his equipage; he usually gives no more than 20,000 livres to the generals of his armies. 3rd.— The King returned here from Marly, hunting on the road; the great officers and ladies of the Dauphine, went to pay their respects to him in mourning cloaks and veils.…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, April 1664

    3 April, his Majesty receives Monsieur le Cardinal Maldachini. 4 April, his Majesty attends mass, celebrated in honour of Saint François de Paule, at the couvent des Minimes de la place Royale in company of the Prince de Condé. Afterwards, his Majesty receives the ambassadors of England and Mantoue. 5 April, dimanche des Rameaux, their Majesties and Monsieur watch the…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, April 1690

    8th — Monsieur de Louvois, having discovered that some of the clerks in his office had received money for commissions, has dismissed them in disgrace and has imprisoned a female, who was the agent in the business, hoping by her means to make greater discoveries. 10th — The King has ordered Monsieur Hervé, senior member of the parliament, to resign…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, March 1664

    Chateau-Neuf de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, by Auguste Alexandre Guillaumot1 March, his Majesty receives the ambassadors of Spain and Venice. 2 March, premier dimanche de carême/first Sunday of Lent, their Majesties attend a sermon at the chapelle du Louvre. 3 March, his Majesty grants an audience to the ambassador of Savoy, after which he receives Monsieur Blumenthal, envoy of the Elector of Brandenbourg,…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, February 1664

    2 February, Purification de la Bienheureuse Vierge Marie, their Majesties attend mass at the chapel of the Louvre, followed by a procession, and a sermon at the Feuillants in the afternoon. 7 February, her Majesty invited to a ball in the grand cabinet. 12 February, a treaty between France and the Holy See has been signed. His Majesty will return…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, March 1690

    3d — At midnight, the King and Monseigneur having already retired to rest, a fire broke out in the chateau in the apartment of the Princesse d’Harcourt, whose clothes and furniture have been all consumed. She herself had her hand much scorched. In two hours the fire was completely extinguished; and the King, who had risen in order to give…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, January 1664

    1 January, his Majesty names Monsieur Colbert surintendant des bâtiments. Said position was previously held by Monsieur de Ratabon. His Majesty, wearing the grand collier, then attends mass at the Feuillants in company of the fifty Chevaliers de l’ordre. 3 January, fête de Sainte Geneviève, their Majesties travel to the Abbaye-Sainte-Geneviève for mass in honour of the patron saint of…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, February 1690

    8th — The King caused circular letters to be written to all the bishops, commanding them to regulate the quantity of plate necessary for the churches throughout their dioceses, both in the towns and in the country, and to send what is superfluous to the nearest mint, or to the places where the King has appointed agents to receive it.…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, January 1690

    6th — The Marquis de Saint-Simon (Charles de Rouvroy), whose brother, the Duc (Claude de Rouvroy, the father of the writer Saint-Simon), had informed the King that the Marquis was dead, has recovered from a long state of insensibility, in which he exhibited no signs of life. The King had already given the lieutenancy, and the mayorship of Senlis, to…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, December 1663

    2 December, premier dimanche de l’avent, his Majesty attends a sermon by the évêque de Dax at the chapel of the Louvre. 7 December, his Majesty receives Monsieur Vincenzo Striggi-Gonzaga, the ambassador of the Duc de Mantoue. 8 December, conception de la Vierge Marie, their Majesties attend a sermon by the évêque de Dax at the chapel of the Louvre.…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, November 1663

    1 November, Toussaint, his Majesty rises early and rides to the Feuillants to receive communion from Cardinal Barberini, after which his Majesty attends mass said by the Cardinal and immediately after grand mass said by Bishop de Constance. His Majesty then travels to the Tuileries after mass, where 800 sick have gathered to be healed by his Majesty’s touch. Le…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, December 1689

    3rd. — It is the King’s pleasure, that throughout his Kingdom, all silver articles used for ornament or use, such as looking-glasses, girandoles, vases, etc. should be melted down and brought to the mint. And, to set the example, he has caused all his beautiful plate to be melted down, notwithstanding the beauty of the workmanship. Even his exquisite fillagree-worked…

  • The death of Louis XIII

    Louis XIII’s reign as King of France lasted exactly 33 years. His Kingship was not an easy one. He lost his father, Henri IV, early and was in constant disagreement with his mother, Marie de Médicis, about what was the best for France and she even went to a proper war with him at one point. Louis le Juste had…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, October 1663

    1 October, their Majesties receive Abbé Ciry, who is in service of the Duc de Parme, and has come to announce the marriage of the Duc and Isabelle d’Este. 2 October, their Majesties attend a play performed by the comédie espagnole. 3 October, les Noces de village, a ballet by Monsieur Lully and Monsieur Benserade, is performed at Vincennes. His…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, September 1663

    1 September, his Majesty travels from Nomeny to a plain between Aulnois, Craincourt and Fousiex to parade the might of his army. After which he is invited to dinner by the Maréchal de La Ferté-Senneterre. 2 September, his Majesty reviews his cavalerie, after which he returns to Nomeny. 3 September, his Majesty leaves Nomeny in the early morning for Metz,…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, October 1689

    1st. — The King returned from hunting, and as soon as he was unbooted, went to the Dauphine, who told him that she was resolved no longer to consult any but her usual physicians. The King then visited the Duc de Bourgogne, who has been attacked with fever. The King wished to see the apartments of Monsieur and Madame de…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, September 1689

    3rd. — After having dined at Marly, the King went to the Dauphine’s. He had Monsieur le Duc de Bourgogne brought there and placed him in the hands of Monsieur de Beauvilliers. The Duke de Bourgogne was much affected upon being separated from the Marquise de la Motte and expressed his gratitude and love very strongly. (The Duc was seven…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, August 1663

    1 August, his Majesty rides to Versailles for the hunt. 6 August, his Majesty grants an audience to Monsieur Hannibal Sehested, the extraordinary ambassador of Denmark, before the departure of the latter. 7 August, his Majesty receives the Députés des Ètats de Languedoc, who are led by the Bishop de Saint-Papoul. 11 August, their Majesties leave Paris for Versailles, intending…

  • Chronologie de la vie de Louis XIV, July 1663

    1 July, his Majesty invites Monsieur and Madame to travel to Versailles with him for the day and treats them to a fine supper, before returning to Paris in the evening. 5 July, his Majesty enjoys the hunt at Versailles. 13 July, their Majesties travel to the plaine de Colombes for a review of the gardes francaises and gardes suisses,…

  • Dangeau’s Diary, August 1689

    18th. — The Pope has refused to make a promotion. Cardinal Collorédo was deputed to make the proposition to him, but he would not grant him an audience. Don Livio threw himself on his knees and asked his benediction. The Pope told him not to interfere in any business and that thus he would die more tranquilly. 21st. — The…

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